Mitsubishi Electric MELSEC iQ-R Series
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 6.8
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely
- Vendor: Mitsubishi Electric
- Equipment: MELSEC iQ-R series
- Vulnerability: Uncontrolled Resource Consumption
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause a denial-of-service condition for the affected products.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
Mitsubishi Electric reports the vulnerability affects the following MELSEC iQ-R series CPU module products:
- R00/01/02 CPU Firmware versions from 05 to 19
- R04/08/16/32/120(EN) CPU Firmware versions from 35 to 51
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
A denial-of-service vulnerability due to uncontrolled resource consumption exists in MELSEC iQ-R series CPU modules. This vulnerability does not affect products when the “To Use or Not to Use Web Server” parameter of CPU modules is set to “Not Use.” The default setting is “Not Use.”
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Japan
Xiaofei.Zhang, a researcher from China, reported this vulnerability to Mitsubishi Electric.
Mitsubishi Electric has issued the following firmware versions to address this issue:
- R00/01/02CPU firmware Versions 20 or later
- R04/08/16/32/120(EN)CPU firmware Versions 52 or later
Mitsubishi Electric also recommends the following practices:
- If the web server function is not needed, change the setting for "To Use or Not to Use Web Server” to “Not Use.”
- Use a firewall or virtual private network (VPN), etc., to prevent unauthorized access when Internet access is required.
- Use within a trusted LAN and block access from untrusted networks and hosts through firewall.
For more information about this vulnerability and the associated mitigations, please see the vulnerability information on the Mitsubishi website.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on us-cert.cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability. High skill level is needed to exploit.