• There are many approaches for enhancing resilience and reducing risk from infrastructure system dependencies.
  • Many other communities have taken effective approaches to incorporate dependencies into planning activities.
  • There are many resources to support and guide the incorporation of dependencies into planning.


  • The resilience of community services in the face of multiple hazards requires consideration of infrastructure system dependencies.
  • Including key infrastructure stakeholders in the planning process can lead to a better understanding of dependencies and more resilient outcomes.
  • An understanding of infrastructure dependencies can be incorporated into almost any plan or planning process.


  • Individual infrastructure assets are only as important as the ultimate function they help provide to a community.
  • The critical functions provided by infrastructure systems, as well as the dependencies that exist within and between those systems should be considered.
  • Infrastructure systems are highly interconnected, and disruption in one system may have cascading impacts that affect a range of other critical systems.

Congratulations--you’ve now completed the Infrastructure Dependency Primer! Below is a summary of what was presented.

Please note that Learning, Planning, and Implementing should not be a one-time process. Due to changing conditions and circumstances, your plans and project solutions should be periodically evaluated, updated, and improved in order to remain relevant and effective in building resilience within your community.

If you have questions or would like to provide feedback, please e-mail us at


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