Siemens SCALANCE X-200RNA Switch Devices
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 8.8
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity/public exploits available
- Vendor: Siemens
- Equipment: SCALANCE
- Vulnerabilities: Improper Neutralization of Script-Related HTML Tags in a Web Page (Basic XSS), Uncontrolled Resource Consumption, Use of Insufficiently Random Values, Improper Access Control, Exposure of Sensitive Information to an Unauthorized Actor
2. RISK EVALUATION
Exploitation of these vulnerabilities could result in a denial-of-service condition, hijacking of web sessions, and the loss of confidential or sensitive information.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following Siemens software is affected:
- SCALANCE X204RNA (HSR) (6GK5204-0BA00-2MB2): All versions prior to V3.2.7
- SCALANCE X204RNA (PRP) (6GK5204-0BA00-2KB2): All versions prior to V3.2.7
- SCALANCE X204RNA EEC (HSR) (6GK5204-0BS00-2NA3): All versions prior to V3.2.7
- SCALANCE X204RNA EEC (PRP) (6GK5204-0BS00-3LA3): All versions prior to V3.2.7
- SCALANCE X204RNA EEC (PRP/HSR) (6GK5204-0BS00-3PA3): All versions prior to V3.2.7
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
The integrated web server could allow cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks if unsuspecting users are tricked into accessing a malicious link, which an attacker could use to trigger a malicious request on the affected device.
Specially crafted PROFINET DCP packets could cause a denial-of-service condition of affected products on a local Ethernet segment (Layer 2).
Specially crafted PROFINET DCP packets could cause a denial-of-service condition of affected products.
The webserver of affected devices insecurely calculates session IDs and nonces. This could allow an unauthenticated remote attacker to brute-force session IDs and hijack existing sessions.
The webservers of affected devices are missing specific security headers. This could allow a remote attacker to extract confidential session information under certain circumstances.
The affected products are vulnerable to an exposure of sensitive information to an unauthorized actor vulnerability by leaking sensitive data in the HTTP Referer.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Chemical, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Food and Agriculture, and Water and Wastewater Systems
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.
Siemens released updates for the affected products and recommends updating to the latest versions:
Siemens identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:
- Restrict access to affected systems, especially to ports 22/TCP, 80/TCP, 443/TCP, and 161/UDP to only trusted IP addresses.
- Disable the simple network management protocol (SNMP) service if not required and if the product supports disabling.
- Deactivate the webserver if not required and if the product supports deactivation.
As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following the recommendations in the product manuals.
Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens Industrial Security webpage.
For further inquiries on security vulnerabilities in Siemens products, users should contact Siemens ProductCERT.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from business networks.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:
- Do not click web links or open attachments in unsolicited email messages.
- Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scams for more information on avoiding email scams.
- Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacks for more information on social engineering attacks.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities are exploitable remotely. These vulnerabilities have a low attack complexity.