BirdDog Cameras and Encoders
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 8.4
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
- Vendor: BirdDog
- Equipment: STUDIO R3, 4K QUAD, MINI, A300 EYES
- Vulnerabilities: Cross-Site Request Forgery, Use of Hard-Coded Credentials
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to remotely execute code or obtain unauthorized access to the product.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following BirdDog camera and encoder versions are affected:
- 4K QUAD: Versions 4.5.181 and 4.5.196
- MINI: Version 2.6.2
- A300 EYES: Version 3.4
- STUDIO R3: Version 3.6.4
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
The affected products have a CSRF vulnerability that could allow an attacker to execute code and upload malicious files.
Files present on firmware images could allow an attacker to gain unauthorized access as a root user using hard-coded credentials.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Commercial Facilities
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Australia
Alan Cao reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.
BirdDog has released a firmware patch for this issue and users are encouraged to update their devices by going to BirdDog’s download page here.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from business networks.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.