ICS Advisory

Siemens Tecnomatix Plant Simulation

Release Date
Alert Code
ICSA-24-046-07

As of January 10, 2023, CISA will no longer be updating ICS security advisories for Siemens product vulnerabilities beyond the initial advisory. For the most up-to-date information on vulnerabilities in this advisory, please see Siemens' ProductCERT Security Advisories (CERT Services | Services | Siemens Global). 

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v4 7.3
  • ATTENTION: Low Attack Complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Tecnomatix Plant Simulation
  • Vulnerabilities: Out-of-bounds Write, Heap-based Buffer Overflow, Stack-based Buffer Overflow, NULL Pointer Dereference, Out-of-bounds Read

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to crash the application or execute arbitrary code if a user is tricked into opening a malicious file.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Siemens products are affected:

  • Tecnomatix Plant Simulation V2201: Versions prior to V2201.0012 (CVE-2024-23795, CVE-2024-23796,

    CVE-2024-23797, CVE-2024-23798, CVE-2024-

    23802, CVE-2024-23804)
  • Tecnomatix Plant Simulation V2201: All versions (CVE-2024-23799, CVE-2024-23800,

    CVE-2024-23801, CVE-2024-23803)
  • Tecnomatix Plant Simulation V2302: Versions prior to V2302.0006 (CVE-2024-23795, CVE-2024-23796,

    CVE-2024-23797, CVE-2024-23798, CVE-2024-

    23802, CVE-2024-23804)
  • Tecnomatix Plant Simulation V2302: Versions prior to V2302.0007 (CVE-2024-23799, CVE-2024-23800,

    CVE-2024-23801, CVE-2024-23803)

3.2 Vulnerability Overview

3.2.1 OUT-OF-BOUNDS WRITE CWE-787

The affected application contains an out of bounds write past the end of an allocated buffer while parsing a specially crafted WRL file. This could allow an attacker to execute code in the context of the current process.

CVE-2024-23795 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23795. A base score of 7.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:H/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

 

3.2.2 HEAP-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOW CWE-122

The affected application is vulnerable to heap-based buffer overflow while parsing specially crafted WRL files. This could allow an attacker to execute code in the context of the current process.

CVE-2024-23796 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23796. A base score of 7.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:H/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

 

3.2.3 STACK-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOW CWE-121

The affected applications contain a stack overflow vulnerability while parsing specially crafted WRL files. This could allow an attacker to execute code in the context of the current process.

CVE-2024-23797 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23797. A base score of 7.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:H/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

 

3.2.4 STACK-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOW CWE-121

The affected applications contain a stack overflow vulnerability while parsing specially crafted WRL files. This could allow an attacker to execute code in the context of the current process.

CVE-2024-23798 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23798. A base score of 7.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:H/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

 

3.2.5 NULL POINTER DEREFERENCE CWE-476

The affected applications contain a null pointer dereference vulnerability while parsing specially crafted SPP files. An attacker could leverage this vulnerability to crash the application causing denial of service condition.

CVE-2024-23799 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 3.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23799. A base score of 4.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:N/VI:N/VA:L/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

 

3.2.6 NULL POINTER DEREFERENCE CWE-476

The affected applications contain a null pointer dereference vulnerability while parsing specially crafted SPP files. An attacker could leverage this vulnerability to crash the application causing denial of service condition.

CVE-2024-23800 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 3.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23800. A base score of 4.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:N/VI:N/VA:L/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

 

3.2.7 NULL POINTER DEREFERENCE CWE-476

The affected applications contain a null pointer dereference vulnerability while parsing specially crafted SPP files. An attacker could leverage this vulnerability to crash the application causing denial of service condition.

CVE-2024-23801 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 3.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23801. A base score of 4.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:L/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:N/VI:N/VA:L/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

 

3.2.8 OUT-OF-BOUNDS READ CWE-125

The affected applications contain an out of bounds read past the end of an allocated structure while parsing specially crafted SPP files. This could allow an attacker to execute code in the context of the current process.

CVE-2024-23802 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23802. A base score of 7.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:H/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

 

3.2.9 OUT-OF-BOUNDS WRITE CWE-787

The affected application contains an out of bounds write past the end of an allocated buffer while parsing a specially crafted SPP file. This could allow an attacker to execute code in the context of the current process.

CVE-2024-23803 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23803. A base score of 7.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:H/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

 

3.2.10 STACK-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOW CWE-121

The affected applications contain a stack overflow vulnerability while parsing specially crafted PSOBJ files. This could allow an attacker to execute code in the context of the current process.

CVE-2024-23804 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).



A CVSS v4 score has also been calculated for CVE-2024-23804. A base score of 7.3 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (CVSS:4.0/AV:L/AC:H/AT:N/PR:N/UI:P/VC:H/VI:H/VA:H/SC:N/SI:N/SA:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

3.4 RESEARCHER

Siemens reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Siemens has identified the following specific workarounds and mitigations users can apply to reduce risk:

  • Tecnomatix Plant Simulation V2201 (CVE-2024-23795, CVE-2024-23796,

    CVE-2024-23797, CVE-2024-23798, CVE-2024-23802, CVE-2024-23804): Update to V2201.0012 or later version
  • Tecnomatix Plant Simulation V2201 (CVE-2024-23799, CVE-2024-23800, CVE-2024-23801, CVE-2024-23803): Currently no fix is planned
  • Tecnomatix Plant Simulation V2302 (CVE-2024-23795, CVE-2024-23796,

    CVE-2024-23797, CVE-2024-23798, CVE-2024-23802, CVE-2024-23804): Update to V2302.0006 or later version
  • Tecnomatix Plant Simulation V2302 (CVE-2024-23799, CVE-2024-23800, CVE-2024-23801, CVE-2024-23803): Update to V2302.0007 or later version

Siemens also recommends users do not open untrusted WRL, PSOBJ, or SPP files from using Tecnomatix Plant Simulation

As a general security measure, Siemens recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. To operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens' operational guidelines for industrial security and following recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found on the Siemens industrial security webpage.

For more information see the associated Siemens security advisory SSA-017796 in HTML and CSAF.

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities, such as:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, ensuring they are not accessible from the internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolating them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use more secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs). Recognize VPNs may have vulnerabilities, should be updated to the most recent version available, and are only as secure as the connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

CISA encourages organizations to implement recommended cybersecurity strategies for proactive defense of ICS assets.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

CISA also recommends users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

No known public exploitation specifically targeting these vulnerabilities has been reported to CISA at this time. These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely.

5. UPDATE HISTORY

  • February 15, 2024: Initial Publication

This product is provided subject to this Notification and this Privacy & Use policy.

Vendor

Siemens