ICS Advisory (ICSA-22-069-08)

Siemens Polarion ALM (Update A)

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 6.5
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Polarion ALM
  • Vulnerability: Cross-site Scripting

2. UPDATE INFORMATION

This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-22-069-08 Siemens Polarion ALM that was published March 10, 2022, on the ICS webpage on www.cisa.gov/uscert. 

3. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow arbitrary code execution and sensitive information extraction.

4. TECHNICAL DETAILS

4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

--------- Begin Update A Part 1 of 2 ---------

Siemens reports this vulnerability affects Subversion Webclient in Polarion ALM:

  • Polarion ALM: All versions prior to v21 R2 P2
  • Polarion WebClient for SVN: All versions

--------- End Update A Part 1 of 2 ---------

4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

4.2.1    CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING CWE-79

An attacker could achieve cross-site scripting by sending a specially crafted link to users with administrator privileges, resulting in improper neutralization of data sent to the webpage through the SVN WebClient.

CVE-2021-44478 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.5 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).

4.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

4.4 RESEARCHER

Nicolas Briand of Thales Digital Factory reported this vulnerability to Siemens.

5. MITIGATIONS

--------- Begin Update A Part 2 of 2 ---------

Siemens has released an update for the Subversion Webclient in Polarion ALM and recommends updating to the latest version.

--------- End Update A Part 2 of 2 ---------

To reduce risk, Siemens recommends users not to open links from untrusted sources while working on Polarion Subversion webclient.

As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting network access to devices with appropriate mechanisms. In order to operate the devices in a protected IT environment, Siemens recommends configuring the environment according to Siemens’ operational guidelines for industrial security, and to follow the recommendations in the product manuals.

Additional information on industrial security by Siemens can be found at: https://www.siemens.com/Industrialsecurity

For additional information, please refer to Siemens Security Advisory SSA-562051

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

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