ICS Advisory (ICSA-22-081-01)

Delta Electronics DIAEnergie (Update B)

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 9.8
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Delta Electronics
  • Equipment: DIAEnergie
  • Vulnerabilities: Path Traversal, Incorrect Default Permissions, SQL Injection, Uncontrolled Search Path Element

2. UPDATE INFORMATION

This updated advisory is a follow-up to the advisory update titled ICSA-22-081-01 Delta Electronics DIAEnergie (Update A) that was published March 29, 2022, on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics.

3. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow remote code execution, causing a user to carry out an action unintentionally.

4. TECHNICAL DETAILS

4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of DIAEnergie, an industrial energy management, are affected:

  • DIAEnergie: All verions prior to 1.8.02.004

4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

4.2.1    PATH TRAVERSAL CWE-37

The affected product is vulnerable to path traversal attacks, which may allow an attacker to write arbitrary files to locations on the file system.

CVE-2022-25347 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.2    INCORRECT DEFAULT PERMISSIONS CWE-276

The affected product is vulnerable to an incorrect default permission in the DIAEnergie application, which may allow an attacker to plant new files (such as DLLs) or replace existing executable files.

CVE-2022-26839 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.3    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in GetDemandAnalysisData. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26667 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.4    UNCONTROLLED SEARCH PATH ELEMENT CWE-427

The affected product is vulnerable to a DLL hijacking condition. When combined with the incorrect default permissions vulnerability of CVE-2022-26839 above, this makes it possible for an attacker to escalate privileges.

CVE-2022-1098 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 7.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.5    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in DIAE_eccoefficientHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26349 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.6    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A Blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in DIAE_dmdsetHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26013 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.7    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in HandlerExport.ashx/Calendar. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26836 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.8    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in HandlerDialog_KID.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-0923 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.9    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in GetQueryData. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26059 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.10    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in HandlerPage_KID.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26069 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.11    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in GetCalcTagList. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-27175 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

--------- Begin Update B Part 1 of 1 ---------

4.2.12    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in HandlerCommon.ashx and DIAE_hierarchyHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-25980 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.13    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in HandlerPageP_KID.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26338 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.14    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in GetLatestDemandNode. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26065 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.15    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in HandlerECC.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26666 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.16    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in DIAE_loopmapHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26887 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.17    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in HandlerTag_KID.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-25880 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.18    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in DIAE_tagHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-26514 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.19    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in HandlerChart.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1366 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.20    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in Handler_TCV.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1367 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.21    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in DIAE_pgHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1378 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.22    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in DIAE_rltHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1377 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.23    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in DIAE_privgrpHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1376 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.24    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in DIAE_slogHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1375 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.25    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in DIAE_unHandler.ashx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1374 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.26    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in dlSlog.aspx. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1372 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.27    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in ReadRegf. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1371 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.28    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in ReadREGbyID. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1370 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.29    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

A blind SQL injection vulnerability exists in ReadRegIND. This allows an attacker to inject arbitrary SQL queries, retrieve and modify database contents, and execute system commands.

CVE-2022-1369 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

--------- End Update B Part 1 of 1 ---------

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Taiwan

3.4 RESEARCHER

Michael Heinzl and Dusan Stevanovic of Trend Micro’s Zero Day Initiative reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

Delta Electronics has fixed the reported vulnerabilities in Version 1.08.02.004. Users should contact Delta customer service or a Delta representative for this release, as it will not be released publicly. Delta is working on a public release that will include these fixes and other features on June 30, 2022.

Delta also suggests users:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from the business network.
  • Use an application firewall that can detect attacks against “Path Traversal” and “SQL Injection” weakness.
  • Never connect programming software to any network other than the network intended for that device.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as virtual private networks (VPNs), recognizing a VPN is only as secure as its connected devices

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.


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