ICS Advisory (ICSA-22-242-02)

Hitachi Energy Gateway Station (GWS) Product

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 7.5
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Hitachi Energy
  • Equipment: Gateway Station (GWS) Product
  • Vulnerability: Inconsistent Interpretation of HTTP Requests, Use After Free, Classic Buffer Overflow, Integer Underflow, Improper Certificate Validation, Observable Discrepancy

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow unauthorized users to eavesdrop on the traffic between network source and destination, gain unauthorized access to information, or cause a denial-of service condition.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Hitachi Energy reported multiple open-source software related vulnerabilities in the following GWS Product versions: 

  • GWS 2.0.0.0 and earlier
  • GWS 2.1.0.0
  • GWS 2.2.0.0
  • GWS 2.3.0.0
  • GWS 2.4.0.0
  • GWS 3.0.0.0
  • GWS 3.1.0.0.

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    RELIANCE ON UNCONTROLLED COMPONENT CWE-1357

Hitachi Energy is aware of publicly disclosed reports of multiple vulnerabilities in open-source software components (OpenSSL and Node.JS) used in the Gateway Station (GWS) product. Versions are available to remediate the identified vulnerabilities.

CVE-2020-1968, CVE-2020-8172, CVE-2020-8174, CVE-2020-8201, CVE-2020-8252, CVE-2020-8265, and CVE-2020-8287 have been assigned to these vulnerabilities in open source components used by GWS. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.1 has been calculated for the worst case; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).
 

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Switzerland

3.4 RESEARCHER

Hitachi Energy reported to CISA that GWS was affected by these previously discovered vulnerabilities in open-source software components.

4. MITIGATIONS

Hitachi Energy made the following updates available to remediate these vulnerabilities:

  • GWS 2.0.0.0 and earlier, GWS 2.1.0.0, GWS 2.2.0.0, GWS 2.3.0.0, GWS 2.4.0.0,GWS 3.0.0.0, GWS 3.1.0.0: Apply the mitigation factors as described in this advisory and in the mitigation section of Hitachi Energy advisory 8DBD000101.
  • A remediated version of GWS 3.2.0.0 is planned. For updates or upgrades, contact Hitachi Energy.

Hitachi Energy recommends the following security practices and firewall configurations to help protect process control networks from outside attacks:

  • Physically protect process control systems from unauthorized direct access.
  • Separate process control systems from other networks using a firewall system with only the necessary ports open.
  • Process control systems should not be used for internet surfing, instant messaging, or receiving emails.
  • Portable computers and removable storage media should be carefully scanned for viruses before connecting to a control system.

For more information, see Hitachi security advisory 8DBD000101

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities are exploitable remotely. These vulnerabilities have a low attack complexity.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

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