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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- CVSS v3 10.0
- ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
- Vendor: MZ Automation GmbH
- Equipment: libIEC61850
- Vulnerabilities: Buffer Overflow, Access of Resource Using Incompatible Type, NULL Pointer Dereference
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could crash the device being accessed, and buffer overflow conditions could allow remote code execution.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following versions of libIEC61850, IEC 61850 implementation software, are affected:
- libIEC61850 Versions 1.4 and prior
- libIEC61850 Version 1.5 prior to commit a3b04b7bc4872a5a39e5de3fdc5fbde52c09e10e
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
The affected product does not sanitize input before memcpy is used, which could allow an attacker to crash the device or remotely execute arbitrary code.
The affected product is vulnerable to a stack-based buffer overflow, which could allow an attacker to crash the device or remotely execute arbitrary code.
The affected product accesses a resource using an incompatible type, which could allow an attacker to crash the server with a malicious payload.
The affected product uses a NULL pointer in certain situations. which could allow an attacker to crash the server.
- CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Energy
- COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
- COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany
Vera Mens of Claroty Research reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.
MZ Automation recommends users update to the latest version: libIEC61850.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from business networks.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:
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