ICS Advisory (ICSA-22-298-02)

HEIDENHAIN Controller TNC on HARTFORD Machine

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 8.1
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely
  • Vendor: HEIDENHAIN
  • Equipment: HEIDENHAIN TNC 640 controlling a HARTFORD 5A-65E CNC machine
  • Vulnerability: Improper Authentication

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause a loss of sensitive data, manipulation of information, and denial-of-service.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following version HEIDENDAIN Controller TNC, a computer numerical control (CNC) controller, is affected:

  • HEIDENHAIN Controller TNC 640: Version 340590 07 SP5 Running HEROS 5.08.3 controlling HARTFORD 5A-65E CNC machine

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    IMPROPER AUTHENTICATION CWE-287

The HEIDENHAIN Controller TNC 640, version 340590 07 SP5, running HEROS 5.08.3 controlling the HARTFORD 5A-65E CNC machine is vulnerable to improper authentication, which may allow an attacker to deny service to the production line, steal sensitive data from the production line, and alter any products created by the production line.

CVE-2022-41648 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).
 

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Multiple
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide 
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

3.4 RESEARCHER

Marco Balduzzi of Trend Micro reported this vulnerability to CISA.

4. MITIGATIONS

HEIDENHAIN is working with HARTFORD Machinery of She Hong Industrial Co. Ltd. to develop mitigations. HEIDENHAIN also recommends that users do the following to reduce the risk of exploitation:

  • Block LSV2 and DNC communication by means of the integrated firewall in the controller’s HEROS operating system
  • Use zone-firewalls to isolate and segment the network of the affected devices
  • Ask your machinery vendor (running HEIDENHAIN controllers) for updates to a recent Software-Version, where SSH-tunneling is standard

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

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