ICS Advisory (ICSA-22-298-06)

Delta Electronics DIAEnergie (Update A)

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 8.8
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity 
  • Vendor: Delta Electronics 
  • Equipment: DIAEnergie 
  • Vulnerabilities: Cross-site Scripting, SQL Injection 

2. UPDATE INFORMATION

This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-22-298-06 Delta Electronics DIAEnergie that was published October 25, 2022, to the ICS webpage at www.cisa.gov/uscert.

3. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to inject arbitrary code to retrieve and modify database contents and execute system commands. 

4. TECHNICAL DETAILS

4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Delta Electronics reports the following versions of DIAEnergie, an industrial energy management system, are affected: 

--------- Begin Update A part 1 of 3 ---------

  • DIAEnergie versions prior to v1.9.01.002
  • DIAEnergie versions prior to v1.9.02.001

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4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

4.2.1 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF INPUT DURING WEB PAGE GENERATION ('CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING') CWE-79 

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.01.002) is vulnerable to a stored cross-site scripting vulnerability through the PutShift API. 

CVE-2022-41701 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.7 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N). 

4.2.2 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF INPUT DURING WEB PAGE GENERATION ('CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING') CWE-79

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.01.002) is vulnerable to a stored cross-site scripting vulnerability through the PostEnergyType API. 

CVE-2022-40965 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.7 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N). 

4.2.3 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF INPUT DURING WEB PAGE GENERATION ('CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING') CWE-79

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.01.002) is vulnerable to a stored cross-site scripting vulnerability through the PutLineMessageSetting API. 

CVE-2022-41555 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.7 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N). 

4.2.4 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF INPUT DURING WEB PAGE GENERATION ('CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING') CWE-79 

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.01.002) is vulnerable to a stored cross-site scripting vulnerability through the InsertReg API. 

CVE-2022-41702 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.7 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N). 

4.2.5 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF INPUT DURING WEB PAGE GENERATION ('CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING') CWE-79 

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.01.002) is vulnerable to a stored cross-site scripting vulnerability through the SetPF API. 

CVE-2022-41651 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.7 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N). 

4.2.6 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89 

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.01.002) is vulnerable to a SQL injection that exists in CheckIoTHubNameExisted. A low-privileged authenticated attacker could exploit this issue to inject arbitrary SQL queries. 

CVE-2022-40967 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.7 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89 

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.01.002) is vulnerable to a SQL injection that exists in GetDIAE_line_message_settingsListParameters. A low-privileged authenticated attacker could exploit this issue to inject arbitrary SQL queries. 

CVE-2022-41133 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H). 

4.2.8 IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89 

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.01.002) is vulnerable to a SQL injection that exists in CheckDIACloud. A low-privileged authenticated attacker could exploit this issue to inject arbitrary SQL queries. 

CVE-2022-41773 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H). 

--------- Begin Update A part 2 of 3 ---------

4.2.9    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.02.001) is vulnerable to a SQL injection that exists in Handler_CFG.ashx. A low-privileged authenticated attacker could exploit this issue to inject arbitrary SQL queries.
CVE-2022-41775 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.10    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.02.001) is vulnerable to a SQL injection that exists in AM_EBillAnalysis.aspx. A low-privileged authenticated attacker could exploit this issue to inject arbitrary SQL queries.
CVE-2022-43447 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.11    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.02.001) is vulnerable to a SQL injection that exists in HandlerTag_KID.ashx. A low-privileged authenticated attacker could exploit this issue to inject arbitrary SQL queries.
CVE-2022-43506 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.12    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.02.001) is vulnerable to a SQL injection that exists in HandlerPage_KID.ashx. A low-privileged authenticated attacker could exploit this issue to inject arbitrary SQL queries.
CVE-2022-43457 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

4.2.13    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF SPECIAL ELEMENTS USED IN AN SQL COMMAND ('SQL INJECTION') CWE-89

The affected product DIAEnergie (versions prior to v1.9.02.001) is vulnerable to a SQL injection that exists in FtyInfoSetting.aspx. A low-privileged authenticated attacker could exploit this issue to inject arbitrary SQL queries.
CVE-2022-43452 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

--------- End Update A part 2 of 3 ---------

4.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing 
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide 
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Taiwan 

4.4 RESEARCHER

Michael Heinzl reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.

5. MITIGATIONS

--------- Begin Update A part 3 of 3 ---------

Delta did not publicly release v1.9.01.002 or v1.9.02.001, which addresses these vulnerabilities. Users are encouraged to contact Delta to receive these updates.

--------- End Update A part 3 of 3 ---------

CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from business networks.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. 


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

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