ICS Advisory (ICSA-23-017-02)

Mitsubishi Electric MELSEC iQ-F, iQ-R Series (Update A)

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 5.9
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely 
  • Vendor: Mitsubishi Electric 
  • Equipment: MELSEC iQ-F and iQ-R Series products 
  • Vulnerability: Predictable Seed in Pseudo-Random Number Generator (PRNG) 

2. UPDATE OR REPOSTED INFORMATION

This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-23-017-02 Mitsubishi Electric MELSEC iQ-F, iQ-R Series that was published January 17, 2023, on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ICS.

3. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to access the WEB server function by guessing the random numbers used for authentication. 

4. TECHNICAL DETAILS

4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following Mitsubishi Electric MELSEC products are affected: 

  • MELSEC iQ-F Series with serial number 17X**** or later:  
    • FX5U-xMy/z x=32,64,80, y=T,R, z=ES,DS,ESS,DSS: Versions 1.280 and prior 
    • FX5UC-xMy/z x=32,64,96 y=T, z=D,DSS: Versions 1.280 and prior 
  • MELSEC iQ-F Series with serial number 179**** and prior:  
    • FX5U-xMy/z x=32,64,80, y=T,R, z=ES,DS,ESS,DSS: Versions 1.074 and prior 
    • FX5UC-xMy/z x=32,64,96 y=T, z=D,DSS: Versions 1.074 and prior 
  • MELSEC iQ-F Series FX5UC-32MT/DS-TS, FX5UC-32MT/DSS-TS, FX5UC-32MR/DS-TS: Versions 1.280 and prior 

--------- Begin Update A part 1 of 4 ---------

  • FX5UJ-xMy/z x=24,40,60, y=T,R, z=ES,ESS: Versions 1.042 and prior 
  • FX5UJ-xMy/ES-A* x=24,40,60, y=T,R: Versions 1.043 and prior 
  • FX5S-xMy/z* x=30,40,60,80, y=T,R, z=ES,ESS: Versions 1.003 and prior 

--------- End Update A part 1 of 4 ---------

  • MELSEC iQ-R Series R00/01/02CPU: All versions 
  • MELSEC iQ-R Series R04/08/16/32/120(EN)CPU: All versions 

--------- Begin Update A part 2 of 4 ---------

Note: * These products are available in limited regions. 

--------- End Update A part 2 of 4 ---------

4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

--------- Begin Update A part 3 of 4 ---------

4.2.1 PREDICTABLE SEED IN PSEUDO-RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR (PRNG) CWE-337 

Mitsubishi Electric MELSEC iQ-F and iQ-R Series products both contain an authentication bypass vulnerability in the WEB server function due to predictable seed in the pseudo-random number generator. 

CVE-2022-40267 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.9 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N). 

--------- End Update A part 3 of 4 ---------

4.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing 
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide 
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Japan 

4.4 RESEARCHER

Matt Wiseman of Cisco Talos reported this vulnerability to Mitsubishi Electric. 

5. MITIGATIONS

Mitsubishi Electric has fixed the following products and recommends users apply the latest firmware update to the follow products: 

  • MELSEC iQ-F Series with serial number 17X**** or later: 
    • FX5U-xMy/z x=32,64,80, y=T,R, z=ES,DS,ESS,DSS: Update to v1.281 or later 
    • FX5UC-xMy/z x=32,64,96 y=T, z=D,DSS: Update to v1.281 or later 
  • MELSEC iQ-F Series with serial number 179**** and prior: 
    • FX5U-xMy/z x=32,64,80, y=T,R, z=ES,DS,ESS,DSS: Update to v1.075 or later 
    • FX5UC-xMy/z x=32,64,96 y=T, z=D,DSS: Update to v1.075 or later 
  • MELSEC iQ-F Series FX5UC-32MT/DS-TS, FX5UC-32MT/DSS-TS, FX5UC-32MR/DS-TS: Update to v1.281 or later 

--------- Begin Update A part 4 of 4 ---------

  • FX5UJ-xMy/z x=24,40,60, y=T,R, z=ES,ESS: Update to v1.044 or later 
  • FX5UJ-xMy/ES-A* x=24,40,60, y=T,R: Update to v1.045 or later 
  • FX5S-xMy/z* x=30,40,60,80, y=T,R, z=ES,ESS: Update to v1.004 or later 

Note: *These products are available in limited regions. For how to get the fixed version, users should contact Mitsubishi Electric.

--------- End Update A part 4 of 4 ---------

Refer to the following product manual for updating the firmware: 

"5 FIRMWARE UPDATE FUNCTION" in the MELSEC iQ-F FX5 User's Manual (Application) 

Mitsubishi Electric recommends users take the following mitigation measures to minimize the risk of exploiting this vulnerability:  

  • Use a firewall or virtual private network (VPN), etc. to prevent unauthorized access when internet access is required. 
  • Use products inside a local area network (LAN) and block access from untrusted networks and hosts through firewalls.  
  • Use the IP filter function* to block access from untrusted hosts.  For details on the IP filter function, refer to the manuals for each product: 
    • "12.1 IP Filter Function" in the MELSEC iQ-F FX5 User's Manual (Ethernet Communication)  
    • "1.13 Security" - "IP filter" in the MELSEC iQ-R Ethernet User’s Manual (Application) 

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability. This vulnerability has a high attack complexity. 


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

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