ICS Medical Advisory (ICSMA-22-151-01)

BD Pyxis

Click to Tweet.
Click to send to Facebook.
Click to Share.

Legal Notice

All information products included in https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see https://us-cert.cisa.gov/tlp/.


 

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 8.8
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity
  • Vendor: Becton, Dickinson and Company (BD)
  • Equipment: Pyxis
  • Vulnerability: Not Using Password Aging

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to gain access to electronic protected health information (ePHI) or other sensitive information.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following BD Pyxis products, an automated medication dispensing system, are affected:

  • BD Pyxis ES Anesthesia Station
  • BD Pyxis CIISafe
  • BD Pyxis Logistics
  • BD Pyxis MedBank
  • BD Pyxis MedStation 4000
  • BD Pyxis MedStation ES
  • BD Pyxis MedStation ES Server
  • BD Pyxis ParAssist
  • BD Pyxis Rapid Rx
  • BD Pyxis StockStation
  • BD Pyxis SupplyCenter
  • BD Pyxis SupplyRoller
  • BD Pyxis SupplyStation
  • BD Pyxis SupplyStation EC
  • BD Pyxis SupplyStation RF auxiliary
  • BD Rowa Pouch Packaging Systems

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    NOT USING PASSWORD AGING CWE-262

Specific BD Pyxis products were installed with default credentials and may still operate with these credentials. There may be scenarios where BD Pyxis products are installed with the same default local operating system credentials or domain-joined server(s) credentials that may be shared across product types. Threat actors could exploit this vulnerability to gain privileged access to the underlying file system and exploit or gain access to ePHI or other sensitive information.

CVE-2022-22767 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Healthcare and Public Health
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States

3.4 RESEARCHER

BD voluntarily reported this vulnerability through the CISA coordinated vulnerability disclosure program.

4. MITIGATIONS

BD is currently strengthening credential management capabilities in BD Pyxis products. Service personnel are working with users whose domain-joined server(s) credentials require updates.

BD is piloting a credential management solution initially targeted for specific BD Pyxis product versions and will allow for improved authentication management practices with specific local operating system credentials. Changes needed for installation, upgrade, or to applications are being evaluated as remediations.

Additionally, BD recommends the following compensating controls for users of BD Pyxis products utilizing default credentials:

  • Limit physical access to only authorized personnel.
  • Tightly control management of system passwords provided to authorized users.
  • Monitor and log network traffic attempting to reach the affected products for suspicious activity.
  • Isolate affected products in a secure VLAN or behind firewalls with restricted access that only permits communication with trusted hosts in other networks, when needed.

For more information on this issue, please see the associated BD product security bulletin on the BD website.

CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage on cisa.gov/ics in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the CISA at:

Email: CISAservicedesk@cisa.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ics 
or incident reporting:  https://us-cert.cisa.gov/report

CISA continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.

This product is provided subject to this Notification and this Privacy & Use policy.

Please share your thoughts.

We recently updated our anonymous product survey; we'd welcome your feedback.