CFATS is the nation’s first regulatory program focused specifically on security at high-risk chemical facilities. Managed by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), the CFATS program identifies and regulates high-risk facilities to ensure security measures are in place to reduce the risk that certain dangerous chemicals are weaponized by terrorists.
Under CFATS, a chemical facility is any establishment or individual that possesses or plans to possess any of the more than 300 chemicals of interest (COI) in Appendix A at or above the listed screening threshold quantity (STQ) and concentration. These facilities must report their chemicals to CISA via an online survey, known as a Top-Screen. CISA uses the Top-Screen information a facility submits to determine if the facility is considered high-risk and must develop a security plan. Learn more on the CFATS process webpage.
The CFATS regulation applies to facilities across many industries—chemical manufacturing, storage and distribution, energy and utilities, agriculture and food, explosives, mining, electronics, plastics, colleges and universities, laboratories, paint and coatings, and healthcare and pharmaceuticals, among others.
Chemical security is not a temporary issue. As threats evolve, the Agency is committed to working with stakeholders to protect the nation’s highest-risk chemical infrastructure.
CFATS Authorizing Legislation
Initially authorized by Congress in 2006 (Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2007, Pub. L. No. 109-295), the program uses a dynamic multi-tiered risk assessment process to identify high-risk chemical facilities. After being assigned a tier, facilities are required to meet and maintain performance-based security standards appropriate to their unique security challenges and tier level.
On December 18, 2014, the Protecting and Securing Chemical Facilities from Terrorist Attacks Act of 2014 (“CFATS Act of 2014”) was signed into law. The Act recodified and reauthorized the CFATS program for four years.
On January 18, 2019, the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards Program Extension Act to extend the CFATS program for 15 months was signed into law.
On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), which included a provision to extend the CFATS program to July 23, 2020, was signed into law.
On July 22, 2020, Pub. L. No. 116-150 to extend the expiration date of the Protecting and Security Chemical Facilities from Terrorist Attacks Act of 2014, Pub. L. No. 113-254, to July 27, 2023, was signed into law.
Executive Order 13650
On August 1, 2013, the Executive Order on Improving Chemical Facility Safety and Security (EO 13650) directed the federal government to improve the safety and security of chemical facilities and reduce the risks of hazardous chemicals to workers and communities. The EO established the Chemical Facility Safety and Security Working Group (Working Group)—tri-chaired by CISA, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Secretary of Labor—to oversee this effort.
In response, CISA created the CISA Gateway—a repository of critical infrastructure tools and information—to improve coordination between federal, state, and local governments, and community stakeholders and to strengthen the CFATS program.
Visit CFATS and the Executive Order 13650 to learn more about the EO actions CISA has implemented.
CFATS Monthly Statistics
CISA has received Top-Screen submissions from more than 43,000 unique facilities. A unique facility is a facility that has submitted multiple Top-Screens, but is counted only once in this metric. Facilities may submit additional Top-Screens to reflect the changes in their chemical holdings and/or security posture. Review the Monthly Statistics for updated data and other metrics on CFATS-covered facilities.
CFATS Knowledge Center
The CFATS Knowledge Center is an online repository of FAQs, articles, and the latest CFATS program news.
For more information about the CFATS program, please email CFATS@hq.dhs.gov.