As of July 28, 2023, Congress allowed the statutory authority for the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) program (6 CFR Part 27) to expire.
Therefore, CISA cannot enforce compliance with the CFATS regulations at this time. This means that CISA cannot require facilities to report their chemicals of interest or submit any information in CSAT, perform inspections, or provide CFATS compliance assistance, amongst other activities. CISA can no longer require facilities to implement their CFATS Site Security Plan or CFATS Alternative Security Program.
CISA encourages facilities to maintain security measures. CISA’s voluntary ChemLock resources are available on the ChemLock webpages.
If CFATS is reauthorized, CISA will follow up with facilities in the future. To reach us, please contact CFATS@hq.dhs.gov.
CFATS Lapse Impacts
Impacts to our nation’s chemical security, the 3,200 facilities previously designated as high-risk, and the communities surrounding these locations—including the 7,000 schools, colleges, and universities located within a mile of these chemical facilities—as a result of the lapse include:
- CISA cannot inspect high-risk sites—on average, that's 160 inspections per month going unscheduled.
- CISA cannot conduct terrorist vetting on personnel who have access to dangerous chemicals—that's 9,000 names each month going unvetted.
- CISA cannot require the implementation of cyber and physical security measures or assess the risk to these facilities and the communities that surround them—on average, facilities improve their security posture by nearly 60% to comply with CFATS.
- CISA cannot identify new facilities that possess high-risk chemicals—meaning the locations of dangerous chemicals are unknown to CISA and local first responders.
- More than one third of inspections turn up security gaps—CISA can no longer address these gaps with facilities.
- More than 90% of CFATS visits result in confirmed outreach with law enforcement and the local fire department—CISA can no longer confirm these important relationships and ensure critical information sharing and preparedness.
Bottom line: CISA cannot ensure that chemical facilities are mitigating the terrorist exploitation of chemical holdings. Without CFATS, our tools to lessen the risk of such an attack are now limited. With the expiration of CFATS authorities, we have lost vital safeguards that were created to protect Americans from incidents of chemical terrorism.
CFATS is the nation's first regulatory program focused specifically on security at high-risk chemical facilities. Managed by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), the CFATS program identifies and regulates high-risk facilities to ensure security measures are in place to reduce the risk that certain dangerous chemicals are weaponized by terrorists.
Under CFATS, a chemical facility is any establishment or individual that possesses or plans to possess any of the more than 300 chemicals of interest (COI) in Appendix A at or above the listed screening threshold quantity (STQ) and concentration. These facilities must report their chemicals to CISA via an online survey, known as a Top-Screen. CISA uses the Top-Screen information a facility submits to determine if the facility is considered high-risk and must develop a security plan. Learn more on the CFATS process webpage.
The CFATS regulation applies to facilities across many industries - chemical manufacturing, storage and distribution, energy and utilities, agriculture and food, explosives, mining, electronics, plastics, colleges and universities, laboratories, paint and coatings, and healthcare and pharmaceuticals, among others.
Chemical security is not a temporary issue. As threats evolve, CISA is committed to working with stakeholders to protect the nation's highest-risk chemical infrastructure.
Read or download a printer-friendly CFATS Overview Fact Sheet or watch the YouTube videos below to learn more.
Learn more about the CFATS program.
CFATS Process, Regulation, and Tools
Learn more about the processes for facilities that may need to register under the CFATS regulation.
Find CFATS fact sheets, flyers, guidance documents, manuals, instruction guides, advisory opinions, and more.
Learn more about CVI, the information protection regime administered under the CFATS regulation to ensure that information chemical facilities provide to CISA is protected from public disclosure or misuse.
CSAT is an online portal that houses the surveys and applications facilities must submit to CISA to determine which facilities are considered high-risk under the CFATS regulation.
The 18 RBPS are the standards that all chemical facilities determined to be "high-risk" must meet in their security plan in order to comply with the CFATS regulation.
These are the statutes, regulations, and notices regarding the CFATS regulatory program.
Learn more about how CISA is working with other federal agencies and state and local officials to improve the security and safety of chemical facilities and reduce the risks of hazardous chemicals to workers and communities.
Featured CFATS Resources
To view all CFATS Resources, visit the CFATS Resources page.