Mis-, Dis-, and Malinformation Resource Library


This library provides voluntary resources that individuals; State, local, tribal and territorial (SLTT) governments; the private sector; academia; and others can use to understand the threat of malicious information activities and includes actions to mitigate associated risks from mis-, dis-, and malinformation (MDM) and foreign influence activities

MDM Resources

CISA Insights: COVID-19 Disinformation Activity: False and misleading information related to the coronavirus (COVID-19) are a significant challenge. This CISA Insight provides an overview of coronavirus disinformation and steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of sharing inaccurate information with your friends and family.

CISA Insights: Preparing for and Mitigating Foreign Influence Operations Targeting Critical Infrastructure: This CISA Insights provides critical infrastructure owners and operators with guidance on how identity and mitigate the risks of influence operations using mis-, dis-, and malinformation (MDM) narratives from steering public opinion and impacting National Critical Functions and critical infrastructure

COVID-19 Disinformation Toolkit: A Toolkit— including talking points, FAQs, outreach graphics, and poster—designed to help SLTT officials bring awareness to misinformation, disinformation, and conspiracy theories appearing online related to COVID-19’s origin, scale, government response, prevention and treatment. Each product was designed to be tailored with local government websites and logos.

Disinformation Stops With You Infographic Set: A set of infographics that provides an overview of mis-, dis-, and malinformation and five proactive steps that individuals can take to help stop the spread of disinformation: recognize the risk, question the source, investigate the issue, think before you link, and talk to your circle.

Foreign Interference Taxonomy: Overview of terms used to describe different kinds of foreign influence activities for the purpose of undermining the interests of the United States and its allies.

Graphic Novel - Bug Bytes: Part of the Resilience series, Bug Bytes demonstrates how threat actors use social media and other communication platforms to spread inaccurate information for the sole purpose of planting doubt in the minds of targeted audiences to steer their opinion.

Readers follow protagonist Ava, a graduate, who uses her wits and journalism skills to uncover a disinformation campaign set to damage Fifth Generation (5G) critical communications infrastructure in the United States. 

Graphic Novel - Real Fake: Part of the Resilience series, Real Fake demonstrates how threat actors capitalize on political and social issues (especially around election cycles) to stealthily plant doubt in the minds of targeted audiences and steer their opinion.

Readers follow protagonists Rachel and Andre as they discover that a command center in Russia is using a network of troll farms to spread false narratives about elections to American voters. With the elections coming up, Rachel and Andre follow the trail of synthetic media and stop the cyber assailants from causing chaos, confusion, and division.

Information Manipulation Infographic: This resource highlight tactics used by disinformation campaigns (e.g., manipulating content service providers or defacing public websites) that seek to disrupt American life and the infrastructure that underlies it. It includes use of new and traditional media to amplify divides and foment unrest in the homeland, sometimes coordinated with illicit cyber activities.

Mis-, Dis-, and Malinformation Planning and Incident Response Guide for Election Officials: Developed by the Election Infrastructure Subsector’s Government Coordinating Council (GCC) and Subsector Coordinating Council’s (SCC) Mis/Disinformation Working Group, this guide explains how to recognize, prepare for, and respond to MDM threats that may impact the ability to conduct elections.

Rumor Control Page Start-Up Guide: Developed by the Election Infrastructure Subsector’s Government Coordinating Council (GCC) and Subsector Coordinating Council’s (SCC) Mis/Disinformation Working Group, this is a guide for election officials on how and when to develop a rumor control webpage to dispel specific MDM narratives through transparent and authoritative information.

Social Media Bots Infographic Set: These infographics are designed to help Americans understand how these automated programs simulate human behavior on social media platforms, and how bad actors use social media bots to spread false or misleading information, shut down opposition, and elevate their own platforms for further manipulation. 

Tools of Disinformation: Inauthentic Content: A flyer that highlights the tactics used by disinformation campaigns such as manipulating audio and videos, conducting forgeries, and developing proxy websites in order to undermine public confidence and sow confusion.

War on Pineapple: Understanding Foreign Interference in 5 Steps: This infographic, with a tongue-in-cheek approach to putting pineapple on pizza, looks at how foreign adversaries conduct malign information operations to inflame hot button issues in the United States.


For additional MDM information, please contact CISA’s MDM team: CFITF@cisa.dhs.gov

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