CISA Chemical Security is a subdivision within the Infrastructure Security Division of the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) responsible for implementing the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS), the nation’s program to regulate security at high-risk chemical facilities, and a proposed Ammonium Nitrate Security Program.
In addition, CISA Chemical Security manages the ChemLock program, a completely voluntary program that provides facilities that possess dangerous chemicals no-cost services and tools to help them better understand the risks they face and improve their chemical security posture in a way that works for their business model.
Chemical Security Mission
To further the Infrastructure Security Division's mission of enhancing security and resilience for the nation's critical infrastructure, CISA Chemical Security leads the nation's effort to secure America’s high-risk chemical facilities and prevent the use of certain chemicals in a terrorist act on the homeland through both the systematic regulation, inspection, and enforcement of chemical infrastructure security requirements, and by assisting and encouraging chemical facilities that do not fall under the CFATS program to enhance their chemical security posture.
Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)
Initially authorized by Congress in 2006, the CFATS program identifies and regulates high-risk facilities to ensure security measures are in place to reduce the risk of certain dangerous chemicals being weaponized by terrorists. Facilities identified as high-risk must implement security measures that meet the risk-based performance standards. More than 150 CISA Chemical Security Inspectors are located throughout the country to help ensure facilities have security measures in place to meet CFATS requirements.
On December 18, 2014, the Protecting and Securing Chemical Facilities from Terrorist Attacks Act of 2014 (CFATS Act of 2014), was signed into law. This Act recodified and reauthorized the CFATS program for four years.
On January 18, 2019, the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards Program Extension Act to extend the CFATS program for 15 months was signed into law.
On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), which included a provision to extend the CFATS program to July 23, 2020, was signed into law.
On July 22, 2020, Pub. L. No. 116-150 to extend the expiration date of the Protecting and Security Chemical Facilities from Terrorist Attacks Act of 2014, Pub. L. No. 113-254, to July 27, 2023, was signed into law.
Proposed Ammonium Nitrate Security Program
The Ammonium Nitrate Security Program (ANSP) is the proposed regulatory program developed by CISA in response to a directive from Congress to "regulate the sale and transfer of ammonium nitrate by an ammonium nitrate facility ... to prevent the misappropriation or use of ammonium nitrate in an act of terrorism."
On December 26, 2007, Section 563 of the 2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act, Subtitle J, Secure Handling of Ammonium Nitrate ("Section 563"), Public Law 110–161 was signed into law, which amended the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to include the Ammonium Nitrate Security Program.
While the CFATS program ensures chemical security measures are implemented at the approximately 3,300 facilities across the country that present the highest risk of terrorist exploitation, there are thousands of other facilities that CISA knows possess dangerous chemicals that—while not among the highest risk facilities—still present some risk.
To provide CISA’s chemical security expertise and lessons learned from working with high-risk facilities over the last decade to all facilities that possess dangerous chemicals, CISA launched a new voluntary chemical security initiative: ChemLock. ChemLock is a completely voluntary program that provides facilities that possess dangerous chemicals no-cost services and tools to help them better understand the risks they face and improve their chemical security posture in a way that works for their business model. ChemLock services include:
- On-site chemical security assessments and assistance
- ChemLock guidance documents, templates, and fact sheets
- Chemical security exercises and drills
- Chemical security training courses
For more information on ChemLock services and tools, or to request a ChemLock service, visit the ChemLock webpage.
NOTE: These chemical security resources will complement the existing voluntary security activities within the Chemical Sector.
For questions about CISA's chemical security regulatory programs, the CFATS program and the Ammonium Nitrate Security Program, please email CFATS@hq.dhs.gov.
For questions related to CISA's voluntary chemical security program, ChemLock, please email ChemLock@cisa.dhs.gov.